Frank Henderson's Page on Liturgy and Medieval Women

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Single, Married and Royal Women

The following outline suggests a plan for studying the visibility and participation of women in the medieval liturgy. The documents that I actually prepare may or may not correspond exactly to this outline, however.

Single Women

  Varieties of Women’s Experiences
    Communities
    Spaces
    Texts and rites
 
  Virgins, Nuns, Conversas, Canonesses
  Recluses, Anchorites, Ancillas of God, Adepts, Beguines, Widows
    Living at home; in communities of women; in mixed communities
 
  Virgins and Nuns
    Oblation of female children
      By father; by mother
       
    Reception of novices; clothing
 
    Rite of consecration of virgins
      Clothing, ring
      Blessing
      Condemnation of violence
      Biblical women in liturgical texts: Anna, Mary Magdalene
 
    Profession of nuns
 
    Liturgies of the chapter house
 
    Liturgies of the refectory
 
  Abbesses
    Consecration
      Ring, blessing, ordering
      Biblical women in liturgical prayers: Miriam, Deborah, Judith, Esther
 
  Prioresses
    Rite of blessing
       
  Female Deacons / Deaconesses
    Rite of blessing / consecration / ordering / making
      Biblical women in liturgical prayers: Phoebe, Anna
       
  Anchoresses
    Rite of enclosure
       
  Beguines
       
  Sisters in Mixed Communities
       
  Reformed Prostitutes
       
  Widows
    Rite of consecration
      Clothing, ring, blessing
        By prelates
        By presbyters
      Biblical women in liturgical texts: Anna, widow of S.
    The naming of widows
    Bequests of rings
       
  Virgins and Widows Among the Orders of the Church
    Good Friday prayers
    Other prayers
    Common masses
    top

Marriage

  Basic Shape, Nature, Names
  The Liturgy of Marriage and the Social Institution of Marriage
  Varieties of Women’s Experiences of the Liturgy of Marriage
    Communities
    Space
    Texts and rites
     
  Engagement
   
  Liturgy of Marriage
    Rite at the door
      Wedding doors
      Vows, ring
        Veils and canopies, jewelry
      Blessings
        Biblical women in liturgical prayers
          Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel
          Eve, Sarah-T, Ruth, Leah, Susanna
         
    Wedding mass
      Scripture readings
      Sermons at weddings
      Fee for the priest
         
  Blessing of the Marriage Chamber and Bed
         
  Second Marriages
         
  Clandestine Marriages
         
  Married Couples Among the Orders of the Church (in liturgical prayers)
         
  Rite of Entrance into the Church After the Consummation of the Marriage
         
  Symbolic Marriages
    Bishops; nuns; Doge; other rulers
         
  Sexuality and Childbearing
         
  Worship During Menstruation; Worship During Pregnancy
  Worship After Pregnancy; Prostitutes and Worship
         
  Prayers For Fertility
    Biblical women: Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel, Hannah, Elizabeth
         
  Prayers During Pregnancy
    Liturgical texts
    Bidding prayers
    For an unborn child
         
  Prayers During Childbirth
    For a normal delivery; while in labor; after delivery
    In case of miscarriage
    After the birth of twins
         
  Communion Before Labor
  Ministries and Prayers of Midwives
         
  Churching (purification; entry into church after childbirth)
  top

Royal Women

  Rite of Coronation
  Rite of Coronation Combined with Marriage
    Texts, rings, crowning
    Scripture readings
    Blessings
      Empresses
      Queens
      Dogessa
    Biblical women in liturgical texts:
      Esther, Sarah, Rebecca, Judith, Leah, Rachel
      Norwegian wedding/coronation song
       
    Reception (Adventus) and Laudes
       
    Holy Thursday
      Royal Maundy
       
    Good Friday
      Blessing of cramp rings
       
    Churching and baptism
       
    Royal funerals
       
    Bidding prayers

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